The Psalms are filled exhortations (encouragement, urging) to be thankful and praise God. We can easily gloss over the ubiquitous examples and urging to give thanks and praise to God and miss the essence and significance of thanksgiving.
We have a holiday set aside for the idea of Thanksgiving, declared a national holiday by Abraham Lincoln in 1963. Significantly, Lincoln declared Thanksgiving as a national holiday while the Civil War was still raging.
The decades and generations that have passed have dulled our collective memory of the savage reality of the Civil War, the collective anxiety of a nation coming apart at the seams with no certain future. The Civil War divided families and threatened to undo the nation.
The Psalms were penned (many of them) by King David, who reigned at the acme of the Jewish nation. But David’s life was a rollercoaster of ups and downs. From erstwhile shepherd boy, not even appreciated or respected in his own family, to national hero; from trusted confidante of King Saul to being hunted down for execution by that same mentor, from champion king to exiled king, overthrown by his own son.
The Psalms reflect David’s posture through most of those ups and downs, and one constant theme in those writings is David’s attitude of Thanksgiving toward God. In good times and bad, David was constant in his attitude of thanksgiving.
In the good times, thanksgiving flowed naturally and joyfully. In the bad times, it was no doubt a struggle, but David was always thankful. David wrote Psalm 57 hiding in a cave from King Saul, who sought to kill him, and yet gave God thanks.
In Psalm 100 cited above, the word translated “thanksgiving” (tôdâ) is the Hebrew word that conveys the idea of “offering” thanksgiving to God, in the sense of offering a sacrifice. A sacrifice is costly. We don’t give sacrifices lightly. A sacrifice requires some exercise of will. A sacrifice isn’t a natural desire; it goes against our feelings and desires.
A sacrifice is something we give when we don’t feel like giving it.
Abraham Lincoln declared Thanksgiving a national holiday on October 3 1863. The first Thanksgiving would be on Thursday November 26, 1863. Just a few months prior, the bloodiest battle of the Civil War had taken place – the Battle of Gettysburg. In that context, “in the midst of a civil war of unequalled magnitude and severity”, Lincoln proclaimed:
a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens. And I recommend to them that while offering up the ascriptions justly due to Him for such singular deliverances and blessings, they do also, with humble penitence for our national perverseness and disobedience, commend to His tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife in which we are unavoidably engaged, and fervently implore the interposition of the Almighty Hand to heal the wounds of the nation and to restore it as soon as may be consistent with the Divine purposes to the full enjoyment of peace, harmony, tranquillity and Union.
Although the Union had just won the battle of Gettysburg, the cost was great. Nearly 160,000 Americans fought at Gettysburg and nearly one third of them died (51,142). The residents of Gettysburg were left to tend to the wounded, bury the dead and burn the piles of dead horses and mules with the help of volunteers from north and south, when Lincoln gave the Gettysburg address on November 19, 1863.
Our lives will always be filled with ups and downs, good and bad; and sometimes the bad is downright evil. Our country was recently divided by, perhaps, the most divisive and anxious presidential election in history. We are polarized as, perhaps, never before, though not to the point of civil war.
We survived the Civil War as a nation and are, we dare say now, better for it. The sacrifice of many resulted in a stronger union for what has been the greatest, freest nation on earth, and it ended the evil institution of slavery, though the healing of the divide that separated the nation would be long and difficult.
Though men will often hate each other, war with each other and struggle to live together in harmony, God remains constant, offering the hope of eternal promise and unconditional love. He is worthy of our thanksgiving in the good times and the bad times because He is our constant and our hope that this world, subject to futilityas it is, is not all there is.
We have eternity set in our hearts. We have a foretaste of what is to come, the gift of the Holy Spirit for those who are born again, the first fruits of a new life that God gives us freely through His own sacrifice in the person of Jesus Christ. And, though we are often beset with hardship and difficulty, we can offer God the sacrifice of our thanksgiving, no matter our circumstances.
We often strive for happiness and forget to be grateful. Happiness is elusive, but gratitude can sustain us even when times are hard. Gratitude connects us to God, connects us to the larger perspective, connects us to the eternity that God set on out hears. It reminds us that we are foreigners and exiles in this world, waiting for the reality of our longing and hope, which is in God.
 935/Bo’ – properly, to come in, go in; figuratively, to go in by stepping into a new opportunity or perceived benefit; enter into a new status or experience.
 8179/Shaʽar – a gate of a city, the center of social influence where open-court was held for the community.
 8426/Tôdâ (one of three types of peace offerings) – the praise-thank offering, acknowledging the Lord’s dealings are “spot on,” even in the most difficult tribulations. This root means both praise and thanks, i.e. includes both ideas. Tôdâ (“praise-thank offering”) acknowledges blessing already received from the Lord, or simply to proclaim His dealings with us are “spot on!” Believers today still make spiritual “todah’s” by their sincere praise or thanks to God in every scene of life (cf. Heb 13:15; 1 Thes 5:17). Reflection: This includes acknowledging the Lord authorizes all physical circumstances in His perfect providence.
 Chatser (346d); from an unused word; enclosure, court.
 Tehillah (239d); from 1984b; praise, song of praise.
 Romans 8:20-21 “[C]reation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself also will be set free ….”
 Ecclesiastes 3:11
 Romans 8:23 “[H]aving the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our body….”
 1 Peter 2:11
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